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Vikram Ravi Ramanathan
Super Maker
Sep 24, 2021
In PrayogSkill Activities
As a working professional one thing that most people have to do is create slides to present their ideas, findings, etc. The fundamentals of creating a slide deck can be learnt easily at a young age if we keep the technology aside and just allow children to create something with just pen and paper! Resources needed per student Pen Paper Color pens (optional) Cardboard (optional) Time Needed 30 minutes of activity + 5 minutes of presentation per team Skill(s) Focussed Communication | Collaboration | Creativity Aligned Profession(s) Business Instructions to be given to students Step 0: Explain to students the fundamentals of a powerpoint slide of how it is a tool to share their ideas in an easy format. Each paper/cardboard can be a slide and they can write or draw as you would see in a typical PPT. Step 1: Divide into teams and have each team choose a topic. Step 2: Have the students decide the flow of the presentation. The points they want to cover in the presentation and then break that down into a slide each. Step 3: Write and draw on each of the paper/cardboard. Step 4: Once the entire presentation is done, one or two members from each team can step forward and present their slides in front of the class. Special Instructions for Facilitators Less is more on each slide Each slide should only cover the broad topic they want to talk about and some pictures. Ensure the children are not putting too much text into the slides and instead speaking about those points. Have fun making and share the works of your students with the hashtag #projectprayogshala to get featured! #powerpoint #slides #collaboration #creativity
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Vikram Ravi Ramanathan
Super Maker
Apr 27, 2021
In PrayogSkill Activities
Planning & Organising. While we are constantly after children to keep their environment tidy, one thing we don’t teach them is to organize their items properly. If they are taught to organize well and then keep it back to the place it belongs, there is a higher chance of them keeping their workspace tidy and understanding the importance of the same. Time Needed: 30 mins Materials Required: Chart paper Pencil Ruler Any list of materials you'd like the students to organize. For example: Chart paper Thread Paper Scissors Pen Compass Cellotape Skill(s) Focused: Planning & Organising Instruction for Students: Step 0: Divide the students into teams or have them as individuals. Provide the materials required to organize. Give them a briefing about the importance of organizing things well and tell them the idea behind the activity today is to make them create the ideal map of materials provided to them to efficiently use their workspace. Step 1: Have each team or student brainstorm how they will want to place the materials on the workstation. There could be several ways students decide to organize the materials. Step 2: Draw an imaginary map of how the materials in the workstation will be organized Step 3: Have some members present why they organized their materials in a certain way. This will give other students ideas on how to organize things better! For example, some students could have the tools on one side, the materials on the other side, etc. Instructions for Teachers: Asking Why It is important for students to question themselves on why they are organizing their workstation in a certain way. While they are brainstorming on how they will organize their materials, ask questions that will nudge students to think more about how having everything much more organized will make things easier for them. What Materials to use? This is a unique Prayogshala activity where students actually don't end up using any of the materials except a piece of paper. So you have the freedom to distribute any materials of your choice based on resource availability. Have fun making and share the works of your students with the hashtag #projectprayogshala to get featured! #MapYourMaterials #Organizing #Planning
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Vikram Ravi Ramanathan
Super Maker
Apr 27, 2021
In PrayogSkill Activities
Our school system is structured around rewards for regurgitating the right answer, and not asking smart questions – in fact, several times, it discourages asking questions. With the result that as we grow older, we stop asking questions. Yet asking good questions is essential to find and develop solutions, and an important skill in innovation, strategy, and leadership. So why do we stop asking questions – and more importantly, why don’t we train each other, and our future leaders, to ask the right questions starting from early on? Time Needed: 45 mins Materials Required: Option A: Paper printed with instructions Scissors Glue Option B: Paper Pen Ruler Scissors Glue Skill(s) Focussed: Questioning, Communication, Critical Thinking Instruction for Students: Step 0: Briefly explain the importance of asking questions and tell them they will be making a question box and after that will be doing a fun activity. Step 1: Distribute the printed sheets (simply copy-paste the below image and print). Alternatively, have students draw this using a pen and ruler. Step 2: Cut the image across the border. Step 3: Turn around and fold along the lines Step 4: Glue the tabs together to form a cube. Step 5 - The Question Game: Now is when the fun begins! The aim of the game is to make the students ask questions. Choose any broad topic you'd like to use. For example: Space, Plants, Math Equations, Animals, etc. It could literally be anything! Have each student roll the question cube and ask a question based on the question type that shows up. As more students ask questions, others will also learn about new question types! You can also divide students into smaller teams and have them play the same game. Special Instructions for Teachers: No Wrong Questions While we hear ever so often that there are no wrong questions, in this game, it is even more important to encourage students to ask any question using the framework given in the cube. Question Types Explain to students about the main question types. While there are several question types, there are three main questions that help in problem-solving: Why questions, What If questions, and How questions. Regardless of the question, the question needs to be phrased openly and positively in order to achieve positive results – a closed or negative question only raises bad feelings against each other. Why questions help to find the root of a problem What If questions open up the floor for creative solutions How questions focus on developing practical solutions Have fun making and share the works of your students with the hashtag #projectprayogshala to get featured! #PrayogSkill #QuestionCubeGame #Communication #CriticalThinking
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Vikram Ravi Ramanathan
Super Maker
Oct 29, 2020
In STEM Activities
Written by Pavithra Murugan Most children, and sometimes even adults have a fascination with robots. Kids view it as a complex technology that’s often difficult to decode. Making scribble bots will break this myth, and alleviate their intimidation around robots and electrical science. A scribble bot is a small robot that colors by itself on a piece of paper. Resources needed per student Plastic cup 3V DC motor AA battery 4 sketch pens Icecream stick Sellotape Time Needed 1 hour Concepts taught Basic electrical science, working of DC motors and batteries. DC Motor: A DC motor is an electrical instrument that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. In this activity, the erratic motion of the DC motor is used to make the scribble on the paper. Battery: A battery is a device that converts chemical energy into electrical energy. Here, the electrical energy from the battery is used to power the DC motor. Electrical circuits: An electrical circuit is a path through which electrical current flows. Current flows through the circuit if it is a closed-loop. In this activity, we are creating a simple circuit with a switch. Instructions for students Step 0: Learn the fundamentals of motors, batteries, and electrical circuits. Understand their different functionalities. Step 1: Tape a sketch pen to the plastic cup as shown in the picture. Similarly, tape the other pens on the cup at equal distances from each other. These pens will function as the bot’s legs. Step 2: Tape the battery to the top of the cup. Similarly, tape the motor to the top of the cup, and connect one side of the wire to the positive terminal of the battery. Step 3: Pierce a hole in the icecream stick and insert it into the motor’s shaft. Step 4: Now, remove the pen caps and connect the other end of the wire to the battery. Your Scribble Bot is now ready! Step 5: Additionally, you can stick more tape and decorate your Scribble Bot. Watch your bot create beautiful patterns on a piece of paper and enjoy! Instructions for Teachers Explain the concept of electrical circuits: This activity could be a great way to introduce electrical circuits and their working to kids. Circuits and wires can be slightly intimidating to children at first. But, with this simple circuit, you can widen their understanding by pushing them to explore complex circuits and learn about the different electrical components used to build circuits. Explain the working of motors and batteries: Since this activity is based on the working of a motor and a battery, ensure that kids learn the primary functions of motors and batteries. Educate them about how motors and batteries can be used in various situations. Procuring motors for the activity: The motors used for this activity can be procured very easily. Ask children to look for them in any old toys or discarded equipment they might have at home. Introduce variables: Encourage children to change certain variables in their bots and witness how it changes the scribble pattern. They can play around by changing the weight or the speed of the motor, using different art supplies instead of sketch pens, varying the position of the sketch pens on the cup, etc. Have fun making and share the works of your students with the hashtag #projectprayogshala to get featured!
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Vikram Ravi Ramanathan
Super Maker
Oct 04, 2020
In STEM Activities
Most children love drawing cars and this project takes that to the next level by teaching students how to make a simple car model that moves using the power of air! Resources needed: Cardboard 1 Balloon 3 Straws 3 Sticks (you can even use a broomstick) Compass Ruler Sellotape Scissors Permanent Marker Strong Adhesive Time needed: 1 hour Concepts Taught: Basic vehicle framework, environment-friendly vehicle, propulsion Propulsion: To push forward or drive an object forward. A propulsion system is a machine that produces thrust to push an object forward. On airplanes, thrust is usually generated through some application of Newton's third law of action and reaction. A gas, or working fluid, is accelerated by the engine, and the reaction to this acceleration produces a force on the engine. Instruction for students: Step 0: Briefly explain to the students the concept of propulsion and how today they will be using the force of air to propel a model car. Step 1: On the cardboard, using a scale, draw a rectangle. Then using a compass draw four circles. Step 2: Cut the rectangle which becomes the car’s body and draw two lines on either side. On these lines, cut and stick two straws. Step 3: Stick two sticks into the cut circles and insert them into the wheel. The sticks here are the axel of the wheels. Step 4: Stick the other two wheels and turn the vehicle around. Next, draw a line in the middle. Step 5: Stick a balloon to the end of another straw using a sellotape or thread. Stick this to the car body along the line drawn. Lift the car. Blow air through the straw and hold it. Now release it back on the floor. See it propel using just the power of the air :) Optional: Car Race The activity can culminate with a car race too! Instruction for teachers: Following instructions Observe how the students follow instructions. Only give them one set of instructions and see if intuitively they can figure out what the next one would be. If they cannot follow the instructions properly, simplify your language. Conceptual Understanding Make sure at the end of the class the students understand the meaning of some fundamental concepts learned - propulsion, wheel & axle. Also, explain to the students about why building eco-friendly transportation is important for our future. Follow Up Activity As a followup activity in the next class, you can have the students build their own vehicle using balloons as the propulsion engine. Have fun making and share the works of your students with the hashtag #projectprayogshala to get featured! #car #scienceconcepts
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Vikram Ravi Ramanathan
Super Maker
Oct 04, 2020
In STEM Activities
Understanding science concepts can be super fun and easy when students make simple apparatuses. This rain gauge is one such apparatus that enables students to understand the fundamentals of a gauge and in specific how easy it is to measure something like the amount of rainfall. Resources needed: Plastic bottle (you can tell them to bring it from home too) Sand or small pebbles Sellotape Permanent Marker Ruler Scissors Time Needed: 30 minutes Concepts Taught Gauge: An instrument that measures and gives a visual display of the amount, level, or contents of something Rain Gauge: Rain gauge is used to measure how much rainfalls. It is a meteorological instrument for determining the depth of precipitation (usually in mm) that occurs over a unit area (usually one metre square) and thus measuring rainfall amount Meteorology: Relating to the branch of science concerned with the processes and phenomena of the atmosphere, especially as a means of forecasting the weather. Instruction for students: Step 0: Briefly explain to them that science can be super fun if learned by making. And some fundamentals of a gauge. Step 1: Cut the plastic bottle into two carefully using scissors. Fill the lower part of the bottle with sand or small pebbles. We are doing this for two reasons one because most plastic bottles don’t have a flat base and we need this to have a baseline measurement. And this also adds some weight to the bottle which ensures it doesn’t fall. Step 2: Use a ruler and do the gauge measurement markings. Keep the top of the sand as the starting point of the measurement - zero. Then add markings for each centimeter and add the numbers too to make it visual. Step 3: Remove the bottle cap from the cut top part of the bottle and put it upside down into the lower part of the bottle. This acts as a funnel as we measure the rainfall. To make sure it is all nice and tight, take a piece of sellotape and put it around it Instruction for teachers: Explanation For students to fully understand how the gauge works, it would be ideal for it to actually be raining and for you to place the newly built gauge outside and measure the rainfall. If it isn’t raining the next best thing would be to just pour water into a newly built rain gauge and explain how this will be used when it is actually raining. Conceptual Understanding Make sure at the end of the class the students understand the meaning of some fundamental concepts learned - gauge, measurement, and meteorology. Pro Tip: Class Challenge During heavy rainfalls, this structure may not withstand strong winds, so you can do additional things to make it stronger. For example, digging a hole in the sand and placing the bottle instead of directly placing it in the ground. But there can be several other ideas too and so you can probably even have a challenge inside your class itself to see which person/group has built the most sturdier structure Have fun making and share the works of your students with the hashtag #projectprayogshala to get featured! #stem #science
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